Mercedes S-Class W-140

1991-1999 of release

Repair and car operation

Mercedes S-Class
+ Mercedes-Benz Cars of a class S (W-140)
+ Operation manual
+ Routine maintenance
+ Engine
- Systems of cooling, heating
   - System of cooling of the engine
      Replacement of cooling liquid - general comments
      Removal and replacement of hoses of system of cooling
      Thermostat check
      Removal and thermostat installation
      Removal and installation of a radiator of system of cooling - installation details
      Removal and installation of the water pump
   + Systems of ventilation, heating and air conditioning
+ Power supply system and release
+ engine Electric equipment
+ gear shifting Box
+ Avtomaticheckaya transmission
+ Coupling
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment


Thermostat check

Check without thermostat removal


1. Before removing and checking operability of the thermostat, be convinced that problems with cooling of the engine arose not owing to insufficient amount of cooling liquid or a weak tension of a driving belt. Be convinced of serviceability of the indicator located on a control panel.
2. If you noticed that the engine long gets warm to working temperature (according to indicator indications), the thermostat, possibly, is jammed in open situation. In this case it is necessary to replace the thermostat.
3. On the other hand, long warming up can be a consequence of lack of the thermostat. It could make specially or inadvertently (forgot to establish after repair). Do not use the car without the thermostat. The control system of the engine will keep the engine in a warming up mode longer time. During this time the engine will consume bigger amount of fuel, and the fulfilled gases will contain bigger amount of harmful impurity.
4. If the engine overheats, touch the top hose of a radiator. If it not hot, but the engine перегрет, the thermostat, probably, jammed in a closed position. Liquid does not get to a radiator and circulates on a small circle. In this case replace the thermostat.
5. If the top hose of a radiator hot, it means that the thermostat is open and liquid normally circulates on system. In this case familiarize with the recommendations provided in Diagnostics of malfunctions Introductionsthe Section .

Check with thermostat removal


1. Remove the thermostat (see. Section Removal and thermostat installation).
2. If the thermostat at room temperature is abroach - it is faulty and is subject to replacement.
3. For rough check of operability of the thermostat suspend it on a piece of a twine in capacity with water. The thermostat should not concern capacity walls. Start to heat up capacity.
4. In process of water heating the thermostat should open (it occurs directly ahead of water boiling). As the temperature of boiling of water 100°С, the thermostat can not open completely (address to Specifications). Take the thermostat and let's to it cool down. In process of cooling it should be closed completely.
5. If the thermostat does not open when heating or is not closed when cooling, replace it.


At installation of the thermostat keep in mind the following:

   a) Carefully clear interfaced surfaces and replace a sealing ring;
   b) Place the thermostat in a casing, it is correct сориентировав;
   c) Tighten bolts of fastening of a cover, having made demanded effort;
   d) Establish all hoses on former places then fill in cooling liquid (address to Head Routine maintenance).
   e) Start the engine, warm up to working temperature and be convinced of absence of leaks.